Concepts

Here are some of the key concepts in CXF:

Databinding

this is CXF’s pluggable approach to configure how it maps between XML and Java objects, and is usually one of:

Frontend

this is CXF’s way of mapping Java classes to/from a WSDL; it can be one of:

  • JAXWS - where CXF will read JAX-WS annotations (e.g. @javax.jws.WebService) on the interface to set namespaces, operation names and parameter names.
  • Simple - where a simple interface (with no annotations) can be mapped to/from a WSDL. This means that CXF will make guesses at operation names and namespaces based on the method names and package of the interface.
Service Class / Service Endpoint Interface (JAX-WS)

This is a Java interface which maps to a portType in a WSDL. It defines the service’s operations, input and output messages, and is annotated with @WebService.

  • e.g. @WebService(targetNamespace = "http://customerservice.tomd.xyz/", name = "CustomerService")

Cookbook

Generating client classes from a WSDL

Add the cxf-codegen-plugin to your Maven POM plugin configuration and bind the wsdl2java goal to Maven’s generate-sources phase. The classes will be generated in target/generated-sources/cxf by default:

<plugin>
    <groupId>org.apache.cxf</groupId>
    <artifactId>cxf-codegen-plugin</artifactId>
    <executions>
        <execution>
            <id>generate-sources</id>
            <phase>generate-sources</phase>
            <configuration>
                <wsdlOptions>
                    <wsdlOption>
                        <wsdl>src/main/resources/wsdl/BookService.wsdl</wsdl>
                        <wsdl>src/main/resources/wsdl/CustomerService.wsdl</wsdl>
                    </wsdlOption>
                </wsdlOptions>
            </configuration>
            <goals>
                <goal>wsdl2java</goal>
            </goals>
        </execution>
    </executions>
</plugin>

CXF as Client - Invoking an operation using CXF

You’ll need:

  • Java classes generated from your target service, with JAX-WS annotations.
  • This Maven dependency: org.apache.cxf:cxf-rt-frontend-jaxws.
// This Factory will create beans which can understand JAX-WS annotations
JaxWsProxyFactoryBean proxyFactory = new JaxWsProxyFactoryBean();

// This Factory creates a client for the service
ClientFactoryBean clientBean = proxyFactory.getClientFactoryBean();

// Configure
clientBean.setAddress("http://soap.mycompany.com:8080/BookService");
clientBean.setServiceClass(BookService.class); // This should be the `interface` generated from the WSDL
clientBean.setBus(BusFactory.newInstance().createBus());

BookService bookService = (BookService) proxyFactory.create();

// Invoke an operation named `GetAllBooks`
GetAllBooksResponse result = bookService.getAllBooks(new GetAllBooks());

CXF with Camel

To use CXF in Apache Camel, use the CXF component. The component can be configured to use one of the following data formats:

  • POJO (the default in Camel) - a Java object representation of the XML payload
  • MESSAGE - the raw message received from the transport layer; i.e. the untouched, unparsed, raw SOAP XML (including headers, etc.)
  • PAYLOAD - the message payload; i.e. the contents of soap:Body
    • This needs a serviceClass, which should be the fully-qualified class name of the interface, e.g. annotated with @WebService(targetNamespace = "http://www.example.com/MyService/", name = "MyService")
  • CXF_MESSAGE

Exposing a CXF endpoint in Camel on Spring Boot

Add to the POM:

<dependency>
  <groupId>org.apache.camel</groupId>
  <artifactId>camel-cxf-starter</artifactId>
</dependency>
<!-- Registers a CXF servlet for exposing web services at path: /services/ -->
<dependency>
  <groupId>org.apache.cxf</groupId>
  <artifactId>cxf-spring-boot-starter-jaxws</artifactId>
</dependency>

And a sample XML DSL Camel route:

<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
       xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
       xmlns:cxf="http://camel.apache.org/schema/cxf"
       xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd
        http://camel.apache.org/schema/spring http://camel.apache.org/schema/spring/camel-spring.xsd
        http://camel.apache.org/schema/cxf http://camel.apache.org/schema/cxf/camel-cxf.xsd">


    <camelContext id="camel" xmlns="http://camel.apache.org/schema/spring">
        <route id="inboundRoute">
            <from uri="cxf:/SimpleService?wsdlURL=/wsdl/myService.wsdl&amp;dataFormat=MESSAGE"/>
            <log message="Received message at mock SOAP Service"/>
            <log message="${body}" loggingLevel="DEBUG"/>
            <setBody>
                <constant>OK</constant>
            </setBody>
        </route>
    </camelContext>

</beans>

Now the service should be available at http://localhost:8080/services/SimpleService

In the logs, look out for:

o.s.b.w.servlet.ServletRegistrationBean  : Servlet CXFServlet mapped to [/services/*]

Explicitly configuring the namespaces on output

CXF will usually try to create a default namespace and assign its own prefixes. But if a legacy client doesn’t understand these, or you need more control over the output (response) from a CXF endpoint, then you can configure CXF explicitly. Here is an example of how to do it in Camel with Spring XML:

<!-- Configure the CXF endpoint manually here so that we have a bit more control over it -->
<cxf:cxfEndpoint id="customerEndpoint"
        address="http://localhost:8189/CustomerService"
        wsdlURL="/wsdl/CustomerService.wsdl"
        serviceClass="xyz.tomd.customerservice.CustomerService">
    <cxf:properties>
        <!-- Manually set the prefixes of namespaces in the output -->
        <entry key="soap.env.ns.map">
            <map>
                <entry key="ns0" value="http://customerservice.tomd.xyz/types/"/>
                <entry key="ns1" value="http://www.oracle.com/webservices/internal/literal"/>
                <entry key="env" value="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/envelope/"/>
            </map>
        </entry>
        <!-- This property will prevent CXF from setting a default namespace where it can -->
        <entry key="disable.outputstream.optimization" value="true"/>
    </cxf:properties>
</cxf:cxfEndpoint>

Notes on this example:

  • Make sure that xmlns:cxf="http://camel.apache.org/schema/cxf" is added to the namespace definitions in the XML.
  • The property disable.outputstream.optimization is the key thing here and causes CXF to use namespace prefixes explicitly in the response, rather than trying to assign some elements to a default namespace.

Troubleshooting

CXF & Camel: “serviceClass must be specified”

  • When wsdlURL option is used without serviceClass, the serviceName and portName (endpointName for Spring configuration) options MUST be provided

CXF: “org.apache.cxf.binding.soap.SoapFault: Message part {http://bookservice.cleverbuilder.com/}getAllBooks was not recognized. (Does it exist in service WSDL?)”

  • You are most likely using a ClientProxyFactoryBean; switch to a JaxWsProxyFactoryBean (the JAXWS ‘frontend’) so that CXF can understand JAX-WS annotations.
    • Observe that the namespace and operation name given in the log line does not exactly match the namespace and operation in the WSDL.
    • CXF is trying to create its own requests from the package name and method in the service class (interface), rather than using the namespace and operation names defined in JAX-WS annotations.

CXF/JAXWS: “java.io.IOException: Cannot find any registered HttpDestinationFactory from the Bus.”

  • You’re trying to create a service (e.g. Endpoint.publish(...)) but there is no HTTP transport for CXF on the classpath.
  • Add cxf-rt-transports-http-jetty as a dependency. This will allow CXF to use Jetty to host your service.